Video 1: Assoc Prof Claire White, Introduction to the Cognitive Science of Religion
In recent decades, a new scientific approach to understand, explain, and predict many features of religion has emerged. The cognitive science of religion (CSR) suggests that religion, like language or music, naturally emerges in humans with tractable similarities. This new approach has profound implications for how we understand religion.
Video 2: Prof Harvey Whitehouse, The Ritual Animal: Imitation and cohesion in the evolution of social complexity
A radical exploration of how rituals have influenced history over thousands of years.
The ritual animal longs to belong. From infancy, we copy those around us in order to be like others, to be one with the tribe. The copying of causally opaque behaviour (rituals) has allowed cultural groups to proliferate over time and space. Rituals are a way of defining the boundaries of social groups and binding their members together. The frequency and emotional intensity of ritual performances constrains the scale and structure of cultural groups.
This pioneering study presents a theory of how two ‘ritual modes’ have influenced the course of human history over many thousands of years and continue to shape the groups we live in today.